7 Natural Fabrics and Their Functions

Fabrics come in a wide variety of sorts and are used in a variety of clothing. Fabric is something you’ll be working with all the time as a designer. You’ll experiment with different colours, designs, and types of materials because not all fabrics are created equal.

Each fabric is made up of two elements: fibre content and fibre construction. Here, we’ll look at some natural-based materials and their benefits.

Fabrics Made from Natural Plants for Fashion Design

Fabrics made from plants or animals are known as natural fabrics.

Cotton is a natural fibre derived from the cotton plant. It’s a flexible fabric that may be used for clothing as well as domestic products such as ropes, sheets, and towels. Cotton fabric has the following advantages:

It is permeable.

Simple to maintain

Absorbent of moisture


Fabrics that are hypoallergenic are created without the use of harsh chemicals. While hypoallergenic materials do not guarantee that the wearer will not have a reaction, they do greatly minimise the likelihood of a negative reaction. Cotton fans appreciate how it doesn’t bother their skin, especially sensitive skin.

The flax plant is used to make linen, which is a natural fabric. It’s one of the oldest materials, and it’s adaptable and hypoallergenic like cotton. Linen is not as flexible as cotton, but it is sturdy and durable since the fibres are naturally securely linked together. With each wash, linen becomes softer.

Despite the fact that it wrinkles a much, linen fabrics are:

Very relaxing.


Absorbent of moisture

Strong and long-lasting

Bamboo fabric is a natural material derived from the bamboo plant. It is:



Temperature control


It absorbs moisture like cotton, linen, and wool.

Because plants have cellulose cells that love water, bamboo and other natural materials can absorb a lot of moisture. Check out what designers are doing with pineapples if you want to learn more about plant-based materials.

Fabrics Made from Animals

Wool is an animal-based fabric created primarily from sheep hairs, but alpaca, llama, and camel hairs can also be used. Woolen textiles:

maintains their shape

Are they long-lasting?

absorbs water

Avoid wrinkling.

To keep the user cool or warm, regulate body temperatures.

Wool fibres have the capacity to absorb and release moisture naturally. Wool is less able to control body temperature when it is combined with another fibre and is less dominating.

Cashmere is a type of wool that comes from goats rather than sheep. It has a natural stretch, absorbs moisture, and is soft and lightweight.

Leather is an animal-based fabric manufactured from a variety of animal hides. The following animals are commonly used to make leather:






These skins are thicker on the backsides, whereas the plonge (the animal’s stomach and side area) is thinner and softer.

Leather is long-lasting and matures gracefully. It’s also breathable, flexible, and adaptable in its applications, making it suitable for belts, shoes, furniture, and jewellery.

Silk is a natural fibre produced by silkworms. As previously stated, a fibre is not a fabric until it is constructed. It can be woven or knitted, resulting in a variety of textures and thicknesses, as well as diverse fabrics. Chiffon, organza, crepe, georgette, and many other fabrics can be created entirely of silk. Silk textiles include:




Temperature control

As a designer, you have access to a wide range of natural fabrics. The more you understand what a fabric accomplishes, the more you’ll be able to choose which textiles to use and which styles and seasons they go with.

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